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Saturday, November 20, 2010

Analog PID Controller

This circuit is shows us about a form of PID controller. The input signal is buffered and amplified by a non-inverting amplifier and the gain of this stage defines the proportional gain P of the controller. The amplified error signal passes in parallel through an integrator (top) a unity-gain amplifier (middle) and a differentiator (bottom) all of which have inverting behaviour. The final op-amp sum and invert the outputs and passed to the output. The potentiometers labeled D and I control the proportions in which derivative and integral fractions contribute to the output signal which is proportional to the power W to be supplied to the heater. This is the figure of the circuit;

It is most likely to be troublesome by causing an offset between the set-point and oven temperatures. Under some circumstances the integrator may drift and eventually saturate which would prevent it from working properly. To reduce the impact of op-amp offset and bias, the first thing to try would be a resistor, equal in value to R2, between the positive input of the integrating op-amp and ground to eliminate the common-mode bias current. Selecting an op-amp with a good input-offset performance would be the next step.

1 comment:

  1. Thats great! here is a full description of PID controller with complete circuit and block diagrams for more detail visit my blog