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Monday, February 7, 2011

Photodiode Amplifier Circuit

All photo generators display some voltage dependence of both speed and linearity. It is obvious that the current through a photoconductive cell will not display strict proportionality to incident light if the cell terminal voltage is allowed to vary with cell conductance. Somewhat less obvious is the fact that photodiode leakage and photovoltaic cell internal losses are also functions of terminal voltage. This is a circuit that can be used for amplifier the photo diode;

The current to voltage transducer circuit neatly sidesteps gross linearity problems by fixing a constant terminal voltage, zero in the case of photovoltaic cells and a fixed bias voltage in the case of photoconductors or photodiodes. [Circuit diagram source: National Semiconductor Application]

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