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Tuesday, October 20, 2009

A Frequency Doubler Effect for Electric Guitar

This circuit is a octave shifting that is used for electric guitar is done by rectifying the original signal, just like AC to DC conversion inside your AC-DC power supply adapter. This circuit is use single supply instead of symmetric power supply. This is the figure of the circuit.

The rectifying is done by four 1N4148 silicon diodes, configured as full-wave rectifier bridges. Because the bridge is inserted inside the negative feedback of the operational amplifier (op-amp) U1B, the nonlinear characteristic of the diodes around the turn-on point (the forward bias voltage) is compensated by the op-amp’s feedback mechanism. As the result, the output of the rectifier looks like coming from ideal diode with no bias voltage needed. The pre-amp gain can be adjusting by R3 potentiometer between clean and slightly overdriven, hear the effect, and set as you want. The R4 pot is provided to adjust the processed signal so the output level after the frequency doubling is equal to the level before entering this analog effect processor. Make R7, R8, and C3 layout as close as possible to the pin 10 of the LM324 IC (U1C) with shortest possible wiring to minimize capturing any noise. This voltage (at pin 10 U1) is the reference for internal “virtual ground” coming out from U1C output (pin 8). Make sure that the PCB tracks for this “virtual ground” (pin 8 U1) are wider than other signal tracks to give consistent reference for all op-amps. Make sure C4 and C5 have the shortest possible connection to the power pins (pin 4, pin 11) and the “virtual ground” line (pin 8).

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